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Graham Cole – God Prepares the Way for Incarnation

23 Jul

By the end of Genesis 1-3 we see that the creation purpose to provide a dwelling place for God with humanity is challenged by both human and angelic sin. But there is light in this darkness: in the midst of judgment the text of the protoevangelium comes into view. God will remove the challenge but at a cost…

The serpent will lose definitively, a crushed head, while the seed of the woman will sustain a struck heel. A subsequent book in the Torah underlines the nature of the challenge posed by the divine to human life in the new normal or abnormal (post-Fall world). Leviticus reads strangely to modern Western ears: priests, sacrifices, blood and ritual. However, once the issue comes into view, namely of how a holy God can be present in the midst of an unholy people, then the logic of Leviticus becomes much less opaque. Ultimately atonement is needed, and at a cost.

~Graham Cole~


The God Who Became Human: A Biblical Theology of Incarnation (Downers Grove, IL; IVP Academic; 2013) p. 43-44.

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Graham Cole – The Coming of Jesus and the Oneness of God

11 Sep

The oneness of God is nuanced in the light of Christ’s coming and the outpouring of the Holy Spirit. Christmas, Good Friday, Easter, and Pentecost make a difference. The risen Christ in Matthew’s Gospel commissions his disciples to baptize followers in the name (singular) of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit (Matt. 28:18-20). There is a complexity to the oneness of God. The same Jesus who reaffirms the shema of Israel about the oneness of God is the Christ who expands the name to include Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, and does so without any hint of contradiction.

~Graham Cole~


He Who Gives Life: The Doctrine of the Holy Spirit (Wheaton, IL; Crossway Books; 2007) p. 63.

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